Hepatitis A Outbreak in Southeast Michigan
Hepatitis A JPEG
Hepatitis A JPEG
Macomb County, as well as other southeast Michigan communities, are experiencing an outbreak of hepatitis A infections. Since August 2016, over 200 hepatitis A cases have been reported in the county, and nearly 700 cases in southeast Michigan (as of January 31, 2018). Macomb County typically sees about six cases a year.
A common source of the outbreak has not been identified. The Health Department is working with many community partners to combat the spread of the virus. Please review the information below to see how everyone can help take small actions that will help control the spread of hepatitis A infection.
Heptatitis A Virus (HAV)
Hepatitis A infection is a contagious liver disease. The infection is caused by ingesting the virus through contact with objects, food, or drinks contaminated by the feces (or stool) of an infected person, or contaminated food or water supply.
The best way to prevent infection is to do the following:
- Get vaccinated against hepatitis A
- Wash hands after using the restroom and before eating or preparing meals for yourself or others
- Use your own towels, toothbrushes, and eating utensils
- Do not have sex with someone who has hepatitis A infection
- Do not share food, drinks, drugs, or smokes with other people
Symptoms of hepatitis A include fatigue, poor appetite, stomach pain or tenderness, nausea or vomiting, dark urine, and yellowing of the skin (jaundice). Symptoms typically appear 2 to 6 weeks after exposure.
Individuals with symptoms should call their provider or seek care.If you have hepatitis A, please cooperate with your local public health department to help protect others.